Skin conditions like blemishes can be rather annoying, and what’s even worse is trying to get rid of them only to have wasted your time. Some of the most common skin problems that people are plagued with are – Moles, Freckles, Pigmentation, Scars, Acne, Skin Tags, and Brown Spots.
Here we are going to discuss what these afflictions are and the most effective treatment options available.
Growths on the skin that appear anywhere on the body, singularly, paired, or in groups with brown or black shades of pigmentation. A majority of these moles will present themselves during early childhood or at least before the person turns thirty. The common range of moles in adulthood is 10-40. As time goes on these moles may develop changes in size, shape, and/or color. Often times hair will sprout out of some moles. In other cases, a mole will stay indefinitely the same of the course of someone’s life, and a select few will even slowly fade away.
A pretty small area of skin with a light brown color, usually this is caused by being overly exposed to the sun or excessive tanning bed use. When the skin is exposed to UV-B radiation from the sun, it activates cells called melanocytes to up the rate melanin is produced. This causes the freckles to become more visible and dark. Freckles are mainly found on areas of the face such as the cheeks, forehead, and nose. The face isn’t the only place freckles can strike. Any skin exposed to this harmful radiation is at risk, such as your arms, shoulders, and even legs.
A term for referring to the coloring of skin. These disorders are known for affect the color or tone of your skin. The melanin the gives your skin its specific color is made by special cells. If these cells are even damaged, say by becoming burnt or exposed to radiation, the skin changes the production of melanin in your body.
A condition where a person’s skin has formed raised, sunken, light, or dark pigmented areas. Some scars have no side effects, but others can be immensely irritating and painful. Facial scarring occurs because of trauma the skin has endured, this could be from things such as, popping zits, infected cuts, surgery sites, and among other things.
A skin condition most prominently found in teenagers and young adult, but can be found in preteens and older adults as well. Acne can strike as a mass of inflamed, throbbing, pus-filled pimples, to painless, almost invisible blackheads.
A pretty common skin affliction is the skin tag; it manifests itself as a short stalk of skin protrudes. They tend to be harmless, and are rarely a source of pain but can be irritating when rubbed against clothing or other materials as well. These growths often form on the upper chest, eyelids, underarms, and neck.
These are also referred to as solar lentigines or liver spots. Their common characteristics are comprised of flat, born, lack, or tan spots varying in size and placement. They are most commonly found in areas such as the face, should, arms, and hands, or any other area with excess sun exposure. People older than 50 are at a greater risk of developing these brown spots.
Treatment Options for Facial Blemishes
Now that we’ve addressed the most commonly found facial blemishes, let’s go over some of the treatment options available and what will work best for each condition. There is as follows: skin lightening creams, prescription drugs, chemical peels, laser pigment removal, laser RF removal, laser scar resurfacing.
Skin Lightening Creams
These are used to reduce the amount of a pigment called melanin in skin cells. These products also go by terms such as bleaching creams, skin brighteners and whiteners or fade cream. Overuse of skin whiteners also tend to cause pigmentation. These creams are best reserved for patients with skin conditions such as age spots, freckles, melasma, birth marks and post inflammatory pigmentation ( acne, chicken pox ) and are best used under medical guidance.
The most commonly prescribed medication is Hydroquinone. This cream is available in 2% and 4% strengths. This drug acts as a quick fix for any kind of pigmentation but on long term use can cause irreversible pigmentation ( ochronosis ) by itself. The other commonly used prescription drug is Retinoids. These usually come as gels or creams, and go by the names Retin-A and Tazorac. Retin is a form of vitamin A that helps in skin renewal. It is used to treat acne and also to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and gives a smoother skin. Natural and safe skin lightening options include vitamin C, topical creams with azelaic acid, liquorice, niacinamide and vitamin E oral supplements.
The mildest, safe peel you can get is a Superficial or lunchtime peel. Commonly used superficial peels are alpha hydroxy acids, salicylic acid, retinoids, modified jessner’s solutions and blended acid peels. They penetrate the very top layer of skin to essentially exfoliate it. They are better suited for mild to moderate textural imperfections, wrinkles, and pigmentation problems.
The next level is the Medium Peel. It’s composed of glycolic 70%, trichloroacetic acid (TCA-35%) and other combination peels. This level of acid will penetrate the outer and middle layers of the skin. This is especially beneficial to patients with fine lines and wrinkles associated with photo ageing, freckles, mild skin pigmentation, superficial acne scars and age spots.
Lastly we have the deepest penetrating peel. It is made of Tricholoracetic acid (>50%) or phenol and penetrates up to the deepest layer of the middle skin to remove the damaged and dead cells. The indications for deep peeling are moderate to severe wrinkles, severe pigmentation and acne scars.
Laser Pigment Removal, Laser RF skin tightening and Laser skin Resurfacing
Laser pigment removal is perfect for those with sunspots / brown spots, melasma ( increased pigmentation over cheeks ) and freckles. Most of them will need 1-3 sessions depending on the degree of pigmentation. Laser RF ( RF stands for radio frequency ) is good for skin tightening. This is because the radio frequency uses energy in the skin cells and induces the production of new collagen and elastin. This in turn reduces the appearance of fine lines and loose skin. Laser scar resurfacing is perfect for reducing facial wrinkles, scars, blemishes and open pores. The laser beam used removes the unwanted, damaged skin in a very precise manner and also stimulates new collagen fibers in deeper layers. This is an optimal approach to deal with ageing skin.