Chemical peels are a popular procedure, most often done on the face, neck and hands and can remove wrinkles on the face, scars, bad pigmentation and precancerous skin areas. Superficial peel is done with alphahydroxy acids, sometimes – betahydroxy acids. The concentration of ingredients is varying, depending on the depth of treatment; acids used are not very strong, compared to other types of chemical peel. This type of treatment usually takes from fifteen to thirty minutes. Couple of weeks before the treatment, doctor can ask you to use a facial treatment that has trans-retinoic acid in it. You will probably be required to wash your face using a special soap a day before the treatment, as well. Before starting the procedure, areas that to be treated will be cleansed. No significant pain is to be expected from the procedure. Brush or a sponge-like device will be used to plant the solution on every area of the face, which will penetrate it for around fifteen minutes. It will then be removed or destroyed, using another substance.
Usually, superficial peels only treat epidermis – that’s why the results are less significant, comparing to other types of chemical peel. Chemical solution destroys the outer layers of skin, causing them to fall off. Healing process starts, creating new skin layers as well as starting production of collagen and elastin. After the treatment, some redness or irritation is to be expected. While healing, some skin crusting or flaking can also be experienced. All of these effects will stop around a week after the procedure. Bandaging is not required but it’s necessary to keep the damaged areas moist and protected. Doctor can recommend application of special ointments on the face, for several days after the treatment. Skin will start regenerating around one to two weeks after it. Skin will be sensitive to sunlight, so it is important to wear UVA and UVB protection as it heals. Superficial peels usually produce less significant results, compared to medium or deep peels, but the risks are also significantly less.