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Acne is a common concern and all men and women experience acne at some point in their lives. While some may be affected by severe acne, some may experience mild acne. But the good news is, there are solutions for all kinds of acne ! Have you ever wondered why you may be experiencing acne? The root cause of getting acne is when your hair follicles are filled up with dead skin cells, bacteria or too much oil production, thereby blocking the pores of your skin. Acne takes many shapes like whiteheads, blackheads and the most severe form being cysts and pimples that develop deep down the skin layer. Sometimes, acne that contains pus fillings can cause deep acne marks if not taken care of.  


The symptoms of this skin condition completely depends on the type of acne and the severity of the condition. Some of the major alarming symptoms and the types of acne that you need to watch out for and consult with a doctor.

  • Pimples
  • Tiny red bumps called papules
  • Tiny bumps that consists of white or yellow bus called pustules
  • Small bumps that have no apparent opening called whiteheads
  • Black or dark spots that have an opening in the centre called blackheads
  • Redness or irritation on the skin
  • Huge cysts that turn into scarring or dark marks
  • Painful, uncomfortable lumps under the skin called nodules

Usually, mild acne tends to go away with self-care home remedies. However, if there are stubborn spots, redness and pimples that keep coming back, it is best to consult with a doctor so that you may be prescribed better medications, acne scar treatment or acne spot treatments that will control the severity. 


Skin break out is generally a hormonal condition that is driven by hormones called androgen, which regularly become dynamic during high school and the period of young adulthood. Being sensitive towards these hormones - joined with surface microscopic organisms on the skin and unsaturated fats inside oil organs - can bring about inflammation and acne.

Four fundamental variables cause skin inflammation:

  • Abundance of oil (sebum) secretion
  • Hair follicles that are obstructed by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria on the skin
  • Irritation

Forehead acne and chin acne in light of the fact that these areas of skin have the most oil (sebaceous) glands. Your hair follicles are associated with oil producing organs, which is why they may easily be clogged if proper care is not given for your skin.

  • Fluctuation in hormone levels around the time of a woman’s menstrual cycle
  • Picking at skin inflammation wounds or breakouts
  • Apparel and headgear, similar to caps and sports protective caps.
  • No proper skincare in air contamination and certain weather patterns, particularly an increased humidity
  • Using skincare products that are oily, greasy and contains too many skin-irritable or harsh ingredients
  • Stress, which escalates the cortisol hormones, can likewise make skin inflammation flare up.
  • A few drugs that may mess up your hormones
  • Hereditary conditions
  • Not removing heavy makeup before bed can also cause clogging of pores, resulting in acne
  • Some people who add high sugar intake or lactose to their diet also experience skin breakouts, however, this depends from person to person 

Treatment options 

There are various treatment options with regards to getting rid of acne. The options depend on the severity of the case in each individual. Some of the most sought-after options that are proven to get rid of acne marks permanently are as follows;

  • Topical medications 

For people who suffer from mild acne, topical medications like cream, gel, lotion or face wash will be the best suited choice of acne spot treatment. Some of the best proven ingredients that reduce acne marks include, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, Tretinoin, etc which work on skin exfoliation, renewal of skin cells and killing the bacteria on your skin. However, topical medications will be prescribed to you only if you suffer from mild acne and have a sensitive skin that hasn't responded to home remedies. Learn more about Topical medications  →

  • Oral medications 

While acne is not just skin deep for some people, certain individuals need to have their bodies controlled in terms of excess oil production or regulating the hormones that cause breakouts. Oral medications are generally prescribed only when an individual hasn’t responded to topical medications. You may be suggested a combination of oral and topical medications in case of moderate to severe acne. Learn more about Oral medications  →

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