Acne and Its Treatments

Ever been annoyed and saddened by that acne that strikes right on a day you wanted to look your best? A lot of us would have been through this ordeal of protecting our skin from pimples that are painful and unpleasant to look at. Yes, acne is a part of life! Almost all individuals would get acne around pre-teen and teenage years and to some it could even go to the adulthood. If you are one of those lucky individuals with occasional pimples, you could still manage and heal them efficiently. But unfortunately, acne affects every individual on varying degrees. To some acne could be severe, causing a lot of pain, discomfort, scars and pores. Treatment and effective skin care becomes a need to keep them off acne and its related problems. Let’s take a look at what causes acne, its treatments and how Tamira could be of help to you.

What are the causes for acne?

Acne is caused by hair follicles under the skin that gets clogged due to excessive oil, dirt or dead cells. These clogs lead to a bump like surface on your skin which are most commonly referred to as pimples. It is usually filled with pus and blood and leaves behind a scar once the acne breaks open. An acne could appear anywhere in the body like the face, shoulder, neck, back, chest, arms and more.

Individuals with an oily skin are more vulnerable to the problem of acne due to excess oil secreted by the skin leading to more clogs that eventually cause pimples, blackheads or whiteheads. Acne could be a chronic condition lasting for many years and requires ongoing treatment. Hormonal changes do have a significant role to play when it comes to acne. When there is a hormonal imbalance with reduction in the production of estrogen and higher levels of testosterone, it could lead to excessive oil production and thus more acne.

What are the treatments for acne?

When it comes to the treatment of acne, the first thing that most dermatologist suggest is effective skin care, nutritious food and exercise.

Medical treatment for acne would include creams, cleansers, antibiotics, steroids (in severe cases), oral supplements, retinoid and other medications.

An in-clinic procedure for acne treatment and scars would include chemical peels (treatment comprising of lactic acid and salicylic acid which exfoliates the skin), surgical scar correction (treatment to correct scared tissues) and laser scar correction (treatment using heat to reduce the scar and increase the production of collagen). Treatment plans and results are hugely dependent on the individual’s acne condition and severity.

What is a laser treatment for acne?

Laser treatments aim at using light energy or waves to clear the acne on skin. An in-office acne treatment aims at giving laser treatments followed by medications and skin care. Different types of laser lights can be used such as infrared lights, visible lights, PDT (photodynamic) and IPL (intense pulsed light) therapy. Individuals cannot expect a thorough or 100 percent clearance of acne. Results are often noticed after about 3-4 weeks and must also be accompanied by more than a couple of sittings of the laser treatment. Patients must also follow all the instructions that the dermatologists give regarding follow up visits and skin care routine.

What are the acne treatment for men?

Men too have the problem of acne and must seek help from a dermatologist to reduce its severity and occurrence. The doctor would first test the skin type, extent of acne and start a treatment plan. The treatment would include cream, oral medicines and in-clinic procedures.

How are acne scars treated?

Acne could leave behind scars that are dark and tough to heal on its own. An individual with chronic acne might not just have to deal with acne and its pain, but severe scars too. A doctor could advice different scar treatment plan depending on the severity. This might include a chemical peel, laser correction or surgical correction of the scar.

How are lasers used for scar correction?

Laser scar correction is a non–invasive procedure where heat energy is used to reach inner layers of the dermis and reduce scar and pigments. This method stimulates the production of more collagen which helps in the healing process. A doctor might also suggest an additional procedure such as PRP(platelet rich plasma) along with laser correction for better results. Laser scar correction would leave the skin smooth, clear and youthful.

Since this is a topical treatment, there can be discomfort such as redness, swelling and a burning sensation for a short period of a day or two. This would subside on its own along with medications that the doctor would prescribe.

What are the acne treatments that a doctor would suggest for the face?

As discussed, a dermatologist would begin by assessing the type of skin and the extent of medication and begin with oral medications, supplements and creams. There would be follow-up or revisits that are needed since the doctor is required to assess the progress and prescribe medications accordingly. There will also be a prescription for topical treatment such as lotions, cleansers and antibiotic creams. If the individual also has scarring due to acne, a scar reduction procedure will be advised.

What skin type is more prone to acne?

It is a commonly known fact that individuals with oily skin have a higher risk of developing chronic acne. This is due to the excessive oil produced which leads to more clogging of skin pores and hence more acne. Dry skin and combination skin also could have acne and related problems. In certain cases, individuals with dry skin too are seen to have chronic acne. The reason to this might not be excessive sebum or oil production but more of environmental factors such as more exposure to pollution, dust and poor skin maintenance. One could get the required acne treatment online with the doctor assessing your skin and its needs through the virtual medium. However, for draining an acne and for better assessment one must visit the doctor at the hospital.

What is the cost of acne treatments in India?

Acne treatments start from as little as a few hundred Indian rupees to over two lakhs or more. Most treatments which include medicines, creams and cleansers are all available within two thousand rupees including the doctor consultation charges.

Laser treatment of acne could fall in the price range of INR 1000 to INR 60,000. Other procedures which are invasive would be available for a price range of INR 18,000 and above. The price would also vary depending on the severity of acne and treatment areas. In addition to it, the prices will be dependent on the state and city you are in. In Chennai, the average price for acne related treatments is INR 5K.

What are the post procedural care involved with acne and its treatments?

When it comes to acne, a lot is about skin care, nutritional food, hydration, exercise and mental wellbeing. A conscious effort to adhere to such a routine would help in reduction and healing of acne. A doctor might advise a diet and exercise plan, along with medications. For treatments that are in-clinic and involves invasive or non-invasive procedures, the after care plan would be as listed below.

  • Apply the prescribed ointment
  • Take medications or ice-pack care as suggested by the doctor post treatments such as laser or chemical peels
  • Avoid direct exposure to sunlight at least for a week
  • Use a sunscreen lotion with SPF above 30
  • Take antibiotics and other medications if prescribed
  • Have a wholesome fruit rich diet
  • Drink a lot of water
  • Continue mild and regular exercises
  • Immediate visit to the doctor if you have any adverse reaction to the medications or if there is an increase in the inflammation/acne

What is the best acne treatment that an individual can opt?

There is no one procedure that works well for all. Patients must consult a qualified cosmetologist who could suggest the right treatment based on the skin type, acne condition, patient’s needs, age and health. The doctor would consider various causes for your acne and zero down to the most relevant one or two causes and start the treatment plan accordingly. Most dermatologist begin with topical treatments which are then moved to in-clinic treatments if the severity and scarring has no reduction.

Who should consider acne related treatments?

Both men and women of any skin type who are suffering from chronic acne must consider a qualified dermatologist for the treatments. The best results are shown when these procedures are begun during the onset of the acne. Mostly children in the teen and pre-teen years must be given skin care plans if they have acne related problems. Unattended acne would only lead to the severity increasing. The results of the treatment could be different from one person to another and is hugely dependent on the severity of acne, scarring and treatment progression. For a long term permanent result from acne related scars, patients might have to resort to surgical or laser procedures.

Pregnant women and individuals with health disorders such as high blood pressure, heart diseases and other serious conditions must consult a skin specialist for acne related treatments. In case a woman has severe acne flare-up during pregnancy, then the doctor would prescribe medications that are safe for the mother and baby. Self-medication for acne must be completely avoided, especially during pregnancy. When it comes to acne treatments, the doctor would have to try what medication works best for the patient as the results are different from patient to patient. Individuals must be ready for follow up and revisits to get the best results.

What makes the acne and acne scarring treatments at Tamira stay ahead of the rest?

At Tamira, we offer you with end to end assistance in your treatment which would begin with your consultation with highly qualified cosmetologists, selection of the right procedure, treatment plans and post procedural care. We respect every individual’s choice of having cosmetic/aesthetic related procedures and stand by our value of being honest and committed in our care.

Our acne treatments aim at addressing your skin related issues such as pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, acne scarring and others. We adhere to the safest treatment protocol which involves assessing your skin’s reaction to lasers and supplements before getting into the complete procedure. After completion of every procedure we also put the individual through a home care skin care routine and treatment. We advise all our patients to consult a qualified cosmetologist or a dermatologist specialized in aesthetic treatments to choose the right option for you.

Here at Tamira, we offer a diverse range of acne treatments that are tailored to your skin’s specifications.

Oral supplements

Oral supplements help brighten and clear complexion from within. They are usually comprised of a combination of different vitamins and other antioxidants. Supplements are prescribed on a cyclic basis and it may take a full cycle to show visible effects. They also aid in improving skin/hair texture and reduce acne, acne scars and spots. Oral supplements result in clear, bright, smooth, light, even-toned and glowing skin. This treatment is effective only if it is consistently followed as prescribed by the medical professional.


Laser scar correction

This is a non-surgical procedure that uses the technique of lasers or intense pulsing lasers. Laser scar correction works by heating the skin along with the option to penetrate deeper into the dermal layers. The heat stimulates the production of collagen along with resurfacing the epidermis. It can also be used in combination with PRP/vampire facelift for better results. Laser technology emits stronger rays and may require a topical gel to minimize discomfort. Laser scar correction results in clearer, tighter, smoother skin which enhances a youthful appearance.

The treatment may cause some irritation, redness, tenderness and bruising which usually disappear within a week. There is no downtime involved. Avoiding sun exposure is advisable and using sun protection of 30+ SPF is recommended. No makeup is to be worn prior-treatment or post-treatment. Scars are not 100% reversible*.

Surgical scar correction

Surgical scar correction is performed using different excision techniques to reduce scar tissue while simultaneously inducing repair and the production of collagen. This treatment diminishes scars noticeably and results in clearer, smoother skin. this procedure may cause redness, irritation, scarring (keloids), tenderness and bruising. Avoiding sun exposure is advisable and using sun protection of 30+ SPF is recommended. No makeup is to be worn prior-treatment or post-treatment. There may be downtime depending on the surface area of the procedure. Scars are not 100% reversible*.

Chemical peel

A chemical peel treatment that reduces uneven skin tone, skin texture, acne scars, dull skin and spots. It essentially comprises of AHA (glycolic/lactic acid) or BHA (salicylic acid) which potently exfoliates the epidermal or superficial layer of the skin. This treatment results in clear, even-toned, smooth, bright and glowing skin.

A chemical peel may cause redness, tenderness and irritation. No makeup or products with acids (AHA/BHA/PHA) except humectants prior-treatment or post-treatment. Avoiding sun exposure is advisable and using sun protection of 30+ SPF is recommended. There is no downtime and the procedure is typically performed within 1 to 2 hr.


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Tamira Plastic Surgery

No. 27, Gopalapuram 1st St, Gopalapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600086