Acne is a skin condition that develops when hair follicles in our skin gets blocked with sebum and dead skin cells. Common in teenagers and adolescents, it is non-infectious. It can, however lead to blackheads on the skin or inflamed red spots on the skin.
It could be caused by increased sebum production, proliferation of bacteria, accumulation of dead skin cells and inflammation. The major factors which lead to acne include hormonal imbalance, genetic conditions, improper diet, stress and alcohol.
Much like any other skin condition, acne leads to multiple complications like hyperpigmentation (dark spots on the skin), erythema(pink or red discolouration of the skin) and scars.
In the attempt to treat acne, early intervention or prevention, reduction of bacterial count and production of sebum is paramount. With the right diet and lifestyle habits, acne can be kept under control.
A customised treatment plan involving the treatment of acute acne and long-term maintenance should be devised.
Treatment of Acne in active stage involves:
- Oral medications : Antibiotics, Hormonal Therapy, Anti-Oxidants
- Prescription strength topical medication : anti-inflammatory creams, antibacterial creams, skin lightening creams
- Clinique treatments : Comedone extraction, Anti-acne Hydrafacial, Chemical Peels, Intralesional corticosteroid injections for acne cysts
The ball game is completely different once the acne scars set in. Fillers to smoothen scars, chemical peels to lighten dark mark and fractional radiofrequency, erbium YAG laser and CO2 laser are used to treat acne scars.
There also exists, a one step procedure – Subcision or Intradermal fat grafting. This procedure involves scar subcision to release fibrotic strands, autologous fat filling of the scars, co2 laser for skin resurfacing and finally applying a chemical peel to lighten acne marks.