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Dandruff is a skin condition or scalp disorder that causes flakes of dead skin to appear on the scalp. It's not harmful, but it can be unsightly and embarrassing. Dandruff is not about how frequently you wash hair or the products you use, but it is caused by an overgrowth of a type of yeast called Malassezia globosa. This fungus resides on the majority of healthy adult's scalps without causing any issues. Dandruff gets worse mostly when you are sick or stressed. Dry winters, cold can make it worse or trigger dandruff. If you want to know how to get rid of dandruff, continue reading this article.

Dandruff vs. dry scalp

Dandruff and a dry scalp are two different conditions, but they can often be mistaken for one another. A dry scalp is a condition that causes the skin on your head to become dry and itchy. Dandruff is a condition that causes the skin on your head to become flaky and scaly.

What are the symptoms of dandruff?

Some of the main symptoms of dandruff are as follows:

  • Flakes of dead skin on the scalp: These flakes can be white, yellow, or brown in color, and they may be large or small in size. 
  • Itching sensation on your scalp:  This sensation can be mild or severe, and it may also spread to other areas of your body. 
  • Redness on the scalp: This is a common symptom of dandruff, and it may be accompanied by inflammation or soreness. 
  • Seborrheic dermatitis: In some cases, dandruff can develop into seborrheic dermatitis, a more serious skin condition that causes redness, scaling, and inflammation.
  • Hair loss: Although hair loss is not a common symptom of dandruff, it can sometimes occur if the condition is left untreated.

What are the causes of dandruff?

If you are wondering what causes dandruff, then you should read about seborrheic dermatitis.

Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition that affects the scalp and causes the skin to become dry, flaky, and itchy. Dandruff can also cause the scalp to become red and swollen. The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is not known, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetics and environmental factors.  Seborrheic dermatitis is a common condition, and it affects people of all ages. However, it is most commonly seen in adults between the ages of 30 and 60. 

There are several factors that can increase your risk of developing seborrheic dermatitis, including:

  • Exposure to harsh weather conditions or wind
  • Excessive sweating
  • Poor nutrition
  • Stress
  • Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause
  • Use of topical steroids or other medications that can irritate the skin
  • A family history of seborrheic dermatitis

What are the treatment options for dandruff?

Oral and Topical Medications: There are a number of ways that you can get rid of dandruff. The most common way is to use an over-the-counter dandruff shampoo. There are a number of different types of dandruff shampoos available, so you should be able to find one that works for you. If over-the-counter shampoos do not help to control your dandruff, then your doctor may prescribe a stronger medication.  Determining the main cause of dandruff- that could be due to fungal or bacterial infection remains helpful in treating the condition in quick time. Prescription products for dandruff treatment may include anti-fungal, corticosteroid, and anti-inflammatory medications.

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