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What are birthmarks?

Birthmarks are blemishes on the skin that are developed in a child before birth or after being born. Skin colorations can either look raised or flat, have normal or sporadic boundaries, and have various conceals of shading from brown, tan, pink, red, dark or light blue, to purple. Birthmarks are usually formed when there is an abnormality in the growth of cells.  

Most birthmarks on face or other parts of your body are painless and innocuous, and many even disappear all by itself or shrink in appearance over the long haul. However, in rare cases, birthmarks may be related with some other medical conditions and should be immediately consulted by a doctor.


Birthmarks do not look common for everyone. While some may have almost invisible tiny ones, some may have a visibly larger and darker looking birthmark. Here are some of the symptoms and the types of birthmarks that assure you they are nothing but may be non-cancerous                                                                                                                                                                                                   

  • Flat, pink and tiny patches on the skin called - Salmon patches  
  • Pink-reddish flat mark that turns darker and bigger as you age called - Port wine stains
  • Flat, smooth marks that resemble a bruise and are found predominantly in darker-skinned babies on the areas of buttocks or lower back called - Congenital melanocytosis
  • Oval shaped brown spots that gets bigger and darker with age called - Cafe-au-lait spots
  • Sharp bordered, raised bump that looks red or purple that usually disappears around the age of 10 called - Strawberry hemangiomas
  • Typically found behind the neck or head and appears to be a bluish sponge and disappears around puberty called - Cavernous hemangiomas
  • Resembles a deep reddish blue bruise or blood clot called - Venous malformations
  • Big brown patch that can either be flat, bumpy or raised having the risk of developing into melanoma, a deadliest type of cancer - called - Congenital nevi
  • Possible bleeding 
  • Skin that might break open 


So, what causes birthmarks? Let's break the ice for you! The underlying reason as to why birthmarks are formed during a child’s birth is still unknown for a fact. However, research definitely shows how they are formed and what triggers the formation of a birthmark. 

There are two types of birthmarks that can be developed; 

  • Vascular birthmarks
  • Pigmented birthmarks

Vascular pigmentations happen assuming the blood vessels in a specific region of your skin don't shape the manner in which they ought to. For instance, there might be an excess of blood vessels grouped in one region or the blood vessels might be more extensive than they ought to be.

Pigmented birthmarks happen when there's an excess of pigment cells in a single region. Pigment cells are the ones that give your skin its regular and natural tone.

Coming to the other causes as to why birthmarks are formed;

  • Additionally, as a matter of fact numerous specialists believe that a few proteins created by the placenta during pregnancy might be connected to a higher possibility of fostering a few sorts of birthmarks. 
  • A few birthmarks are genetic and run in families yet most don’t. Every so often, some are brought about by gene changes. For instance, a few infants that are born with port-wine stains have an interesting condition called Klippel-Trenaunay disorder. This condition is brought about by a hereditary transformation that isn't for the most part acquired. Another interesting condition, Sturge-Weber disorder, likewise shows up as port-wine skin colorations and is brought about by an alternate gene transformation. It additionally doesn't run in families and can't be acquired.
  • Skin pigmentations don't shape on the grounds that a pregnant lady overlooks a food craving, touches her baby bump while stressed, or eats specific food varieties. These are just myths!
  • Sometimes, birthmarks may also be caused as a sign of possible medical conditions, when there is bleeding or when the skin breaks open. 

Treatment options 

Although there are not a wide variety of treatment options that you can choose from, for getting rid of your birthmark, the most sought-after and proven option that helps the birthmark and permanently be gone are as follows. The most suitable treatment will be recommended after a proper skin consultation and the options will differ from person to person based on the type of birthmark and the extent of pigmentation.

Suggested/Recommended treatments