Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery

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Obesity is perilous and the vast majority don't know about the reality and is taken very lightly. It is vital that the perfect treatment is made at the ideal time. Whenever a weight reduction process is carried out through lifestyle changes or medications, and they turn out to be ineffective, then, at that point, bariatric procedure turns into a potential choice. For morbidly obese patients, bariatric surgery results are proven to be more effective, while relieving diabetes as well as supporting weight loss. What is bariatric surgery?

The essential standard of bariatric surgery is to confine food intake and decline the retention of food in the stomach and digestive tracts. Bariatric surgery results are intended to modify or interfere with this digestion process so food isn't broken down and absorbed in the usual manner when one consumes food everyday. A decrease in the calories absorbed, lets the patients lose weight and decline their obesity-related health complications, resulting in one among the predominant bariatric advantages.

  • Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy – Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a cutting-edge bariatric technique that has a unique feature, where it combines a gastric restriction alongside an appetite suppression. Furthermore, in the LSG procedure, no foreign material will be implanted in order to avoid complications such as erosion, migration and infection.
  • Laparoscopic Adjustable gastric banding - In this procedure, a band is placed on the top most part of the stomach, separating the stomach into a small and large segment. This band can be adjusted either to increase or decrease restriction. This type of surgery can also be reversed.
  • Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with loop duodenal switch - This technique works by decreasing the absorption of calories in the small intestine, while combining a lower level of restriction with a higher degree of malabsorption. The process of stapling is used for creating a sleeve of stomach that retains the natural stomach outlet. The majority of the small intestine is bypassed, thereby  causing a complete malabsorption of food contents.
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) - In this hybrid surgery, stapling process is used to create a small, upper stomach pouch that confines the amount of food to be consumed. A portion of small bowel is bypassed for delaying the food from combining along with the digestive juices, to avoid complete calorie absorption.

Treatments

Bariatric surgery is generally recommended to people who are;

  • Morbidly obese
  • Overweight 
  • Excessive fat 
  • Localised accumulation of fat

Apart from these conditions, bariatric surgery is also performed to assist patients in lowering their risk of certain life-threatening health problems that occur due to obesity. Some of the additional bariatric advantages include;

  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Sleep apnea
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Cardiac disease
  • Stroke

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