The belly button, also known as the navel, is the small, depression in the center of the abdomen at the base of the ribcage. It is the point where the umbilical cord was once attached to the fetus. The belly button is usually an innie, but can also be an outie.
How navel is formed? During pregnancy, the umbilical cord grows from the baby's navel. The cord is attached to the placenta, which provides the fetus with oxygen and nutrients from the mother's blood.
After the baby is born, the cord is cut and a small piece of it is left in the navel. The navel heals and forms a scar, which is the belly button.
In some cases, the umbilical cord is not cut and the navel does not heal properly. This can cause an outie belly button. An outie can also be caused by a hernia, which is when an organ or tissue pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles.
Navel creation surgery is suggested for when the navel may need to be surgically created or change the appearance of the present navel. This is usually done when there is no remnant of the umbilical cord, such as in cases of premature birth and sometimes, also done for cosmetic reasons. Umblicoplasty is the alternative name for navel creation surgery.
The procedure is performed to develop a belly button or navel that looks similar to the natural belly button.
The belly button surgery is usually performed under local anaesthesia, which numbs the area around the navel. General anaesthesia may be used in some cases.
Step 1: An incision is made around the navel.
Step 2: The skin and fatty tissue are removed from the navel.
Step 3: According to the results you need, the surgeon will cut the angles to make them lower or higher than it was before the procedure to reposition the navel and sutured in place.
Step 4: The incisions are closed with stitches.
Step 5: A dressing is applied to the area.
The entire procedure will take approximately 30 minutes to 1 hour. The patient may experience some discomfort and pain after the procedure, but will be allowed to go home on the same day.
Umblicoplasty or navel creation surgery is recommended for the following conditions: