Scalp Biopsy
Scalp Biopsy

Scalp Biopsy

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If you've been diagnosed with a scalp condition, your doctor may recommend a scalp biopsy to determine the cause of your symptoms. A scalp biopsy is a procedure in which a small piece of tissue is removed from the scalp for examination. The sample will be examined under a microscope to look for any signs of infection, inflammation, male pattern baldness, autoimmune disease, chronic stress, or cancer. A scalp biopsy for hair loss is a safe and simple procedure that can help your doctor determine the best treatment for your condition. It does not result in any significant discomfort or pain.


Several kinds of hair loss are diagnosed with scalp biopsy procedure and it includes the following:

  • Male pattern baldness: This is a common type of baldness that affects mostly men. It is characterized by hair loss in a particular pattern, starting from the temples and the top of the head. To diagnose female pattern baldness, a scalp biopsy would be required. It is common among women.
  • Alopecia areata: It is a kind of patchy, nonscarring hair loss that occurs because of autoimmune response.  It is mostly diagnosed in young people. The severity of this condition ranges from round, small bald patches to severe hair loss.
  • Telogen effluvium: It is a condition characterized by excessive hair loss.  Hair loss usually happens 3 months after a major stressor, such as childbirth, fever, nutritional deficiencies, surgery, or a serious illness.
  • Trichotillomania: This is a disorder characterized by the compulsive urge to pull out one's hair from the scalp, eyebrows, or other areas of the body. It starts in the early teens and progresses with a certain anxiety and mood disorders.
  • Dermatophyte-induced alopecia: This is a type of hair loss caused by a fungal infection of the scalp. It can cause permanent damage and severe inflammation to hair follicles. 
  • Scarring alopecia: This is a type of hair loss that results in permanent hair loss.  It can be due to several causes, such as autoimmune diseases, infections, or burns. It begins small and develops and in certain cases, it affects the entire scalp. 


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