Tooth extraction is a process that involves removing a tooth from its socket. It is also called exodontia or pulling a tooth. This procedure is performed by a dental specialist or dentist. In most cases, the healthcare provider tries to preserve the natural teeth. However, restorative methods like dental crowns or dental fillings are not enough. Removal is suggested when the tooth has been completely damaged and has partially or completely lost its structure.
When it comes to wisdom tooth extraction, the procedure is different. This is because wisdom teeth are harder to reach and are located at the back of the mouth. Therefore, a surgical procedure is required.
The tooth removal procedure is categorized into two types-
1) Simple Extraction
2) Surgical extraction
The simple extraction is a less complicated procedure that can be performed by a dentist. The tooth is removed by using forceps while the patient is given local anesthesia.
A surgical extraction, typically performed by an oral surgeon, is recommended when the tooth is broken at the gum line or has not erupted from the gums. Whether it is simple extraction or surgical extraction, the procedure is more or less the same.
The first step involves numbing the area around the tooth with local anesthesia. This is done to ensure that the patient does not feel any pain during the procedure.
Once the area is numb, the dentist or oral surgeon will use a tool called an elevator to loosen the tooth from its socket. Once the tooth is loosened, it can be removed with the help of forceps.
After the tooth has been removed, the area is cleaned and sutures are placed to close the wound. The entire tooth extraction procedure usually takes 30 to 60 minutes.
There are many reasons why your dentist may recommend that you have a tooth removed. The most common reason is tooth decay. If the decay has reached the pulp (the soft tissue inside the tooth), it may be necessary to remove the tooth. Other reasons include: