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Vaginoplasty (otherwise called Vulvoplasty or posterior colporrhaphy) is a medical treatment that is specifically designated to tighten or construct the vagina, addressing both cosmetic and medical issues. The alternate method to this procedure is by using lasers or RF waves, which is the most non-invasive technique used to tighten the vagina. Vaginoplasty is also sometimes considered as a genital reconstructive surgery, wherein the entire vaginal area is reconstructed according to the cosmetic concerns of the women or constructed as a replacement for the penis (in case of male to female conversion)

Upon deciding the amount of tightening that has to be done, a pie-shaped wedge is marked on the excess skin that needs to be eliminated from inside the vagina. Underneath the skin, the tissues are usually tightened using stitches. When the canal of the vagina has been fixed, the mucosal skin is stitched shut. Assuming there is any outer skin that projects, it can be removed or decreased for a more aesthetically pleasing outcome.

Posterior Colporrhaphy: A posterior colporrhaphy is a vaginal treatment generally performed to address a rectocele or herniation of the rectum into the vaginal area. While it tends to be performed as a separate procedure, it is frequently joined with extra prolapse techniques to address every one of the areas of prolapse within the vagina. 

Intestinal or Sigmoid Vaginoplasty: Intestinal or sigmoid vaginoplasty utilises a part of the sigmoid colon to make a neovagina. This is normally finished as a laparoscopic medical procedure. Laparoscopic medical procedure is likewise frequently alluded to as minimally invasive or keyhole surgical procedure since there is just a little incision point through the skin. For this medical procedure, a little piece of colon is separated and afterward turned down to turn into the covering of the vagina.

Peritoneal Vaginoplasty: Peritoneal vaginoplasty is additionally alluded to as the Luohu procedure that makes use of the covering of the stomach cavity, known as the peritoneum, to make the vagina.

McIndoe Vaginoplasty: The procedure of McIndoe vaginoplasty lines the vagina with a skin grafting technique. The skin graft is later put on a vaginal mould and afterward positioned into the space that has been opened to turn into the vagina.

Penile Inversion Vaginoplasty: Considered as a part of the genital reconstructive surgery, penile inversion vaginoplasty is usually utilised in trans women. In this technique, the skin from an external perspective of the penis is eliminated and inverted to make the coating of the vagina. The top of the penis is likewise reshaped to make a clitoris, after which the skin from the scrotum is utilised to make the labia majora and minora.


Vaginoplasty procedures is predominantly used to treat the following; 

  • Loose vagina
  • Lack of lubrication
  • Reconstruction of vagina after going through any radiation or excision of the vagina for treating cancer 
  • Repair of childbirth defects 
  • Pain during sexual intercourse 
  • Chronic infections 
  • Stress urinary incontinence (SUI)